Why Do Peace Agreements Hold Or Fail

Nevertheless, the participation of civil society plays an important role in the field of reconciliation, as it can help reduce barriers to the resistance of the population to the reintegration of the rebels into society. ”The irrationality of violence and the psychosocial effects it entails do not come and go. They are part of the daily life of what Pierre Bourdieu called ”habitus” (Fetherston, 2000: 195). As Fetherston said, it is very difficult for a society that has suffered terrible human rights violations to forgive and peacefully accept the reintegration of the rebels. Without members of civil society who are actively working to reduce barriers to reintegration, it would be difficult to achieve lasting peace. If reconciliation does not take place, the reintegration of veterans will not be effective to some extent and will therefore push them back into crime. The argument is based on the assertion that it is the quality of the negotiation process that becomes an essential element of the success of peace agreements (Hampson, 1996). Ramsbotham et al., 2011). Barriers to implementation must be appropriately addressed and eliminated before the terms of a treaty are defined. The solution of an agreement between the belligerents is a complex task that requires the elimination of all important destabilizing factors, so that successful cooperation and commitment prevail. Therefore, the trial states that, for effective implementation, the role of a mediator or external force and their ability to cope with a ”correct diagnosis of spoiler problems” and power-sharing problems among opponents is fundamental to the establishment of a lasting peace (Stedman, 1997; Stedman, 2001; Hampson, 1996).

1. There has been an erroneous concept and initiation process, as no formula has been developed, containing a definition of the problem and interests of the contestants in a common concept of equity.2. No exchange of proposals, concessions and agreements containing such a formula.3. Calls for a ceasefire, the demilitarization of the capital and free and fair elections are unrealistic because there was no basis for reaching an agreement.4 No understanding through mediation of the deeply rooted sources of conflict – group identity, security, recognition, autonomy, dignity and fear of the death of groups on the one hand, and refusal to submit again to the domination of others.5. It is not possible to find a solution that is relevant to the type of conflict in the (local ethnic) region and to impose solutions such as a Eurocentric constitution and an electoral race in the search for national unity. ”… Peace strategies must be formulated that guarantee life, membership, property and identity. Unity should not be absolute; Nor should sovereignty be sacred. Sustainable peace strategies can include administrative decentralization, autonomy, federalism and separation. 6. Ineffective peacekeeping has violated peacekeeping standards and requirements, causing institutional frustration and regional disillusionment. 7. Peacekeeping mandates, including disarmament, army organization and security, were too broad, ambitious and unrealistic in a country where the ceasefire had never been maintained and where the country`s effective interaction had never been achieved.8.